1. 2022 Ancient Residents in the Motherland Courseware Part 1: Lesson 1 ( Ancient Residents in the Motherland ) Lesson 1 Ancient Residents in the Motherland [Teaching Objectives] 1. Knowledge and Skills The Discovery and Distance of the Yuanmou Man, the Ancient Residents in the Motherland In today's era, the discovery, location and age of the Peking Man, the use of stone tools and natural fire by the Peking Man, and the social life of the Peking Man: the age and discovery location of the Shanding Cave Man, the stone tools, grinding technology and artificial extraction of the Shanding Cave Man. Fire; the cavemen lived in clans. By studying this course, students can initially develop their ability to understand and recognize various knowledge ranges in the field of history, as well as their abilities to observe, imagine and compare. Through the study and reading of this course, students can be exposed to various types of history-related knowledge such as archaeological knowledge, myths and legends, ancient history materials, historical maps, cultural relic illustrations, etc., expand students' horizons, stimulate students' interest, and make them pay attention to the history class. study. 2. Process and
2. Method During the classroom teaching process, teachers should explain around the main line of "the production and living conditions of Beijingers and Shanding Cave people", and then guide students to analyze and compare "what are the improvements of Shanding Cave people compared to Beijingers". Deepen students' understanding of textbook content. 3. Emotions, attitudes and values (1) my country is one of the birthplaces of mankind and the country with the most ancient human sites discovered in the world. Our country's history can be traced back to more than 101.7 million years ago, in order to stimulate the patriotism of young people and cultivate the awareness of cherishing human cultural heritage. (2) Cultivate students’ thoughts and emotions that love labor by recognizing the truth that labor creates the world and human beings themselves. [Teaching Key Points and Difficulties] 1. Key points: The production and living conditions of Beijingers and Shandong cave people. 2. Difficulty: Understand the role of labor in the process of human creation. [Class Schedule] 1 class period [Teaching and Learning Interaction Design] (1
3.) Create a scenario and introduce the new lesson introduction to show the head model of ancient humans. Question: When was this human head model? What ancient people were there in our country at that time? What are their production and living conditions like? Please read Lesson 1 " Ancient Residents of the Motherland ". Introduction 2 plays a courseware about ancient human social life, and then asks: What kind of production and living conditions does this clip reflect on ancient human beings in my country? When did they live? Please preview the text. Introduction: Where did the three people come from? There are currently two theories: one is that man was created by God, like the Western theory of "God created man" and the Chinese theory that a female snail created man. Second, humans evolved from ancient apes. Which view do you agree with? After studying this lesson, you may find the answer. (2) Cooperation and exchange, interpretation and exploration 1 The earliest humans in my country (1) Who were the earliest humans in my country?when did they live
4.? Where? (Students answer according to the textbook) (2) So, what are their production and living conditions like? (Student reading, discussion, communication, teacher summary) According to archaeological research results, some rough stone tools, as well as a large amount of charcoal chips and two small pieces of burned bones were found in the place where the Yuanmou people once lived, indicating that the Yuanmou people People already knew how to make tools and use fire. Being able to make tools is the fundamental difference between humans and animals. [Historical Experience] Next, please imagine how ancient apes turned into humans in my description. Please close your eyes. "About two to three million years ago, due to changes in the universe and planets, the magma inside the earth changed drastically, causing abnormal changes in the earth's crust. Some oceans were rising, some land was sinking, volcanoes were erupting, and wind and snow were howling. . Pieces of forests were being destroyed, and groups of animals were fleeing. Later, the earth experienced another glaciers.
During the 5th century, ice flows from the poles rushed toward the equator with overwhelming force, submerging large areas of forest and land. However, they encountered many obstacles during their progress and failed to reach the subtropical areas. Changes in nature have changed the living environment of ancient apes. "Australian apes are animals that live in forests. The forests in some areas have not suffered from this "natural disaster". The ancient apes living here continue to develop slowly along the direction of apes, and gradually evolve into modern apes. . Those ancient apes who lost the forest had to come to the ground from the trees and began to live a wandering life. On the difficult road of life, some ancient apes died. In order to adapt to the new environment, the living ancient apes gradually learned to use their forelimbs. To collect and capture animals, and use the forelimbs to break branches and select stones as weapons to resist the invasion of wild beasts, this requires the use of the hind limbs to support the body and walk. As a result, the division of labor between the forelimbs and the hind limbs gradually emerged. This division of labor leading to the advancement of the forelimbs
6. One-step liberation and upright walking of hind limbs. The upright walking and division of labor between hands and feet caused changes in the entire body structure. Meat promotes brain development. In the long process of evolution, the brain slowly develops primary consciousness, which requires the expression of the things it sees and the desire for joint action. After the long-term evolution of simple calls and gestural expressions, clear syllables were gradually uttered one by one, thus creating a language that combines certain syllables with certain content. Language emerges and matures during and with labor, becoming the driving force behind the fundamental change from ape to human. After a long process, these ancient apes evolved into humans through labor. [Note] In the description, the speed should be slowed down, the tone should be deep, and the emotion should be rich. Let the students open their eyes after a while after the description is finished. (3) So, how to understand that the fundamental difference between humans and animals is whether they can make tools? (Students’ thinking, discussion, communication, teacher’s summary)
7. Making tools itself is a kind of creative labor. Only humans can make tools and use tools to transform nature. Even the most intelligent animals can only use tools, and only after a long period of training. Therefore, being able to make tools is the fundamental sign that distinguishes humans from animals. Think about it: Chimpanzees in the zoo can also use bamboo poles or wooden sticks to knock down wild fruits from trees. Does this mean that the fundamental difference between humans and animals has disappeared? [Tips] Some animals use ready-made tools to obtain food, which is a need for survival and an instinct of animals. Moreover, animals can only simply use existing tools, and cannot process and improve the tools, let alone make any simple or rough tools. Only humans can make and use tools to transform nature according to actual needs. Therefore, the fundamental difference between humans and animals has not disappeared. 2 Beijingers (1) In 1929, in a cave in Zhoukoudian, southwest of Beijing, the young archaeologist Pei Wen
8. Mr. Zhong was surprised to discover a complete ancient human skull fossil, which caused a sensation all over the world. Since then, "Beijingers" have become famous all over the world. So, when did "Beijingers" live? What does it look like? Please see the avatar model. Showing the head of the ancient ape 2022 Ancient Residents in the Motherland Courseware.docx, the modeler of the head reconstruction of the Peking Man asked what are the facial features of the Peking Man compared with the ancient ape? (Student observation, comparison, discussion, teacher summary) Pekingese have a low, flat forehead, backward tilt, high brow ridge, protruding muzzle, and no obvious chin. Peking Man, who lived about 700,000 to 200,000 years ago, still retained some characteristics of apes, but the division of labor between the hands and feet of Peking Man was obvious. They no longer crawled like ancient apes, but walked on their legs. Make and use tools by hand and engage in productive labor. (2) So, what tools can Beijingers make? How do they live? Please use the projection to read the relevant content in the textbook.Projection of Beijingers chasing with fire
9. Beast Picture Master asked what production tools Beijingers use as can be seen from the pictures? Raw stones, sticks, and torches. The teacher asked what kind of life Beijingers live as can be seen from the pictures. Live in groups. (3) Why do Beijingers live in groups? (Students read, think and discuss, teacher summarizes) The tools used by Beijingers are extremely crude, their living environment is extremely harsh, and they are often exposed to various threats from nature. In this dangerous environment, they cannot survive alone, so they must live together in groups. This was determined by the production conditions at the time. The gregarious life of Beijingers formed an early primitive society. (4) Beijingers already know how to use fire. What do they use fire for? has no meaning? (Students answer according to the textbook) Discuss that Beijingers use natural fire. How do they preserve fire? 【Tip】Thunder and lightning can set the forest on fire;
10. Human bones and animal bones contain a large amount of phosphorus and can spontaneously ignite in hot and hot weather; these natural phenomena provide Beijing with natural fire. With fire, Beijingers can use natural fire and learn to preserve fire. They lightly cover the fire with dry and flammable flowers and leaves, allowing them to smoke lightly. This is a technical job and requires experienced seniors. When it's time to use fire, blow hard and fan it to get the fire burning again. With fire, the lives of Beijingers are getting better day by day. [Experience Ideas] Imagine what a day in the life of Beijingers is like? [Example student answer] After daybreak, Beijingers start to go out in groups. Some people go hunting and some people go gathering. After dark, those who gather, hunt and look for food return to their caves and collect what they have collected. Distribute wild fruits to everyone. Several strong men skinned the animals they killed, cut the meat into pieces, and grilled them on the fire at the entrance of the cave.After it is cooked, according to each person
11. Separate the specific circumstances. After people fill their stomachs, they light a fire and go to sleep first. Since the fire at the entrance of the cave stays on all night, the wild beasts in the distance dare not pay attention. First of all, Beijingers wear plant branches and leaves tied around their waists. This kind of clothing cannot protect against the severe cold, but it can play a role and is easy to obtain. The second is to skin the hunted animals, dry them and process them slightly to make them clothes. In terms of food, one relies on gathering and the other depends on hunting. Live in a natural cave. [Instructions] The imagination must conform to the historical conditions at that time, the level of productivity and people's living habits at that time. (1) Our country is the country with the most ancient human relics discovered in the world. In addition to Yuanmou Man and Peking Man, there are also many sites of primitive human activities scattered in the motherland, and Shanshan Cave Man is one of them. So when did the cavemen live? Where? What does it look like? (Students read the book and answer) (2) Projection of the life of the cavemen
12. Compare how the life of the cave people in the top of the mountain is improved compared to the life of the people in Beijing? Hint: Judging from the production tools, the cavemen at the top of the mountain have mastered polishing and drilling techniques; they can also make fire manually. In terms of labor objects, the cavemen not only collected and hunted, but also fished, and the scope of their labor objects expanded. Judging from the scope of activities, the top cave people can travel very far away to exchange daily necessities with other primitive groups, and the scope of activities has expanded. In terms of daily life, the cavemen on the top of the mountain already used bone needles to sew clothes, knew how to love beauty, and even buried them after death. (3) How did the cave people organize their lives together? (Students read, discuss, and communicate, teacher’s summary) The collective life of the cave people is a clan united by blood relations. In other words, every member of the group has a blood relationship with each other and is a relative. In this way, a group of people who are related by blood live together to form a clan.There are dozens of people in a clan, headed by a common ancestor.
13. Reproduce first. They live together, use publicly owned tools, work together, and distribute food together. There is no difference between rich and poor, high or low. Think about why clan members work together and distribute food together? It is suggested that because the production tools of the top cave people are extremely simple, it is difficult for a single person to obtain food. Therefore, they must work together and the food must be distributed jointly. During the distribution process, no one can occupy more, otherwise someone will starve to death, thereby weakening the strength of the entire clan, and the clan is in danger of extinction. In this way, in clan life, there is no distinction between rich and poor, high or low among clan members. Discuss whether the clan life of working together, sharing food, and without distinction between rich and poor is the ideal life for human beings?It reminds that on the one hand, due to the extremely low level of productivity, the survival of clan members is often threatened, such as hunger, cold, disease, wild beasts, natural disasters, etc., and the average life span is very short; on the other hand
14. Bloody wars often broke out between clans over food. If they failed, the entire clan members would be killed or eaten. Therefore, clan life without distinction between rich and poor is not an ideal society for mankind. The ideal society for mankind should be a communist society. (4) Application transfer, consolidation and improvement Example 1 (Study Case 2) When studying "Beijing people", some people said that Beijing is actually an "ape" rather than a "human". Do you agree with this view? Please explain why. Analysis This question revolves around whether "Peking Man" is an "ape" or a "human". The essence is to examine the fundamental difference between humans and animals. Based on the knowledge learned, it is clear that Peking Man retains some characteristics of apes in physical characteristics, but Peking Man can not only make and use stone tools. It can also use natural fire, which is beyond the reach of animals. Therefore, Beijingers should be classified as "people" rather than "apes". The answer disagrees.From the head perspective, although Beijingers still have
15. It retained some characteristics of apes, but the development of its upper limbs was basically the same as that of modern humans. In particular, Beijingers can make and use stone tools by smashing, knocking, and collision. Making and using tools is the fundamental difference between humans and animals, and is beyond the reach of any other animal. In addition, Beijingers can also use natural fire, which not only improves their ability to adapt to the natural environment, but also promotes the development of their own physique. Therefore, Pekingese are "people" rather than "apes". Comments: The design of this question is novel. It mainly tests students’ understanding of the essential difference between humans and animals, as well as their understanding of the physical characteristics and living conditions of Beijingers. Example 2 (Study Case 3) Fire has played a huge role in the development of human beings. As Engels said: "The creation of fire through friction enabled man to dominate a natural force for the first time, which ultimately separated the human and animal kingdoms." Human's influence on fire What was the process of using it? What role did the use of fire play in the development of human society?Analytical version
Question 16 quotes Engels's famous saying, mainly examining the process and functions of the use of fire. Based on the knowledge we have learned, we can know that human beings' use of fire has gone through a process from using natural fire to making artificial fire; the use of fire not only promotes the development of human physique and expands the scope of activities, but also uses fire to make tools. Transform nature and improve human beings' ability to adapt to nature. Answer (1) From using natural fire to using artificial fire. (2) Use fire to grill food, provide lighting and protect against cold, drive away wild beasts, and make tools. The use of fire has improved human beings' ability to adapt to nature, promoted physical development, and expanded the scope of activities. Therefore, the use of fire is a milestone in the development of human history and plays a major role in the development of human civilization. Comments: This question is centered around the "use of fire" which is closely related to people's real life. It mainly tests students' ability to summarize and generalize.This question contains two questions: The first question examines how humans use
17. The process of using fire. The second question examines the role of the use of fire on human development. The level is clear and the direction is clear. (5) Summarize, reflect, expand and extend the summary of the content of this lesson. The teacher can use tables or other methods to summarize the ancient residents of the motherland , so that students can comprehensively expand their reading. How to understand the scientific conclusion that labor created man himself can be combined with the ancient apes. To understand this conclusion, we need to consider ourselves as an ancestor society. It can be seen that the ancient apes slowly evolved during their life and labor at that time, and gradually became able to stand up and walk upright. This freed their upper limbs, which provided a prerequisite for the evolution of upper limbs into hands. After another long life and labor, the evolution of hands was completed. The evolution of hands played a vital role in improving the efficiency of work.Through the continuous work of the hands, the evolution and development of the human brain can be promoted. Later, through the continued work of the hands, the development level of the human brain will continue to improve. The ancient residents of the motherland , the intelligence of the ancestors also continued to improve, and labor
18. Promote the development of the human brain, and the human brain promotes the advancement of labor technology. A long and repetitive historical process gradually achieves the emergence and development of human beings. It should also be mentioned here that the most essential difference between humans and animals is the ability to use and make tools. Therefore, it can be said that the assertion that "labor creates man himself" is an accurate definition of the results of human development and a classic description of the process of human development. Instruction: "Labor created man himself" is Engels's classic thesis on the origin of mankind. It clearly pointed out that labor played a decisive role in the transformation process of ancient apes into humans. Throughout the history of human development, we have left labor. There is no mention of the development and progress of human society. Therefore, as the builders and successors of the socialist cause, young people should establish a sense of loving labor and serving society from an early age, and strive to become qualified talents for the construction of the motherland. [Data link] Link 1 Human Origin Chapter 2: [Teaching Plan 1
19.] Lesson 1 Ancient Residents in the Motherland Lesson 1 Ancient Residents in the Motherland Teaching Objectives Knowledge and Ability Objectives: Understand the basic knowledge about the Yuanmou Man, the Peking Man and the Shanding Cave Man, know the characteristics of the Peking Man, and understand the discovery of the Peking Man meaning. Knowing fossils is the primary evidence for studying human origins. At the same time, students' observation, imagination and ability to think independently and make comparisons are cultivated. Process and method objectives: Through multimedia presentation of materials, cultivate students' good habits of observation and interest in understanding and learning history based on archaeological results; by "comparing the head differences between Beijingers and modern people" and imagining "a day in the life of Beijingers" "How do people live?" to cultivate students' observation and imagination abilities; by thinking and exploring "how the lives of Shanding Cave people are improved compared to those of Beijingers", students can develop their ability to think independently and compare.Emotions, Attitudes and Values Goal: Through the study of this lesson, students will learn about China
20. It is one of the origins of mankind. The Zhoukoudian Ancient Human Site is a famous world cultural heritage, which can inspire students' patriotism and cultivate the awareness of cherishing human cultural heritage. Teaching focus and difficulty points: Beijingers and Shandong Cave Man Difficulty point: The difficulty of this lesson is that the content taught dates back a long time. Only by making scientific inferences based on archaeological excavation results and combining necessary and reasonable imagination can the basics of this lesson be understood and mastered. Content; the concept and characteristics of "clan". Teaching methods include picture analysis, discussion and induction, connection and comparison, reading and explanation, and cooperative inquiry. Teaching methods, multimedia-assisted teaching, teaching process, introduction of new lessons: Teacher: Students, we all know that human beings are the masters of all things and the masters of the earth. Only without human beings can we have human history. So how did humans come into being? There are many legends in ancient and modern times, both at home and abroad. Please look at the big screen. These are two relatively familiar legends. (Multimedia display "Female
21. Pictures of "Wa created man" and "Adam and Eve") Teacher: Can any classmate tell us about these two legends? Student: Teacher: These legends all reflect human beings' confusion about their own origins. With the continuous development of science Development, people finally realized that human beings are the result of biological evolution. So what did humans evolve from? (Multimedia displays pictures of "Apes" or multimedia plays the video clip "The Origin of Humanity") Answers by students: Ape Master: Apes They are ancient apes that are similar to humans. They have evolved and developed into modern humans after long years of labor. So who were the residents of our country in ancient times? Today we will learn the first lesson together: Motherland The ancient inhabitants of the territory . (Write on the blackboard) New lesson taught: Teacher: Ask the students to watch the big screen (multimedia display of "Human Site Distribution Map") Teacher asked: 1. What are the major ancient human sites in our country? 2. Among them, there are the earliest known
22. Which human site is it? Student: Yuanmou Man (writing on the blackboard) 1. Yuanmou Man (multi-media broadcast of the documentary about the discovery of the Peking Man ruins) Teacher: Please read the first paragraph of the textbook and think about it, what information can you get about Yuanmou Man from here? Student: (Multimedia presentation) Teacher: The students found it very well. We obtain information about Yuanmou Man from books, but through what channels do scientists obtain this information? Student: Make scientific inferences based on archaeological excavation results. For example: Yuanmou Man tooth fossil (multimedia display) Teacher: Ancient humans developed and evolved slowly, and labor played an important role in the process of evolution. It can be said that labor creates human beings themselves. As time goes by, let’s take a look at another relatively evolved ancient human being in our country, Peking Man. (Write on the blackboard) 2. Peking Man Teacher: Which student can tell how the Peking Man ruins were discovered based on the textbook?
23. Student: Strategist: Over the past half century, ancient human ruins have been discovered in my country and many places, among which the Peking Man ruins are the most famous. In 1987, it was included in the "World Cultural Heritage" list. Next, let’s get to know Beijingers together. Student: (Multimedia display) Teacher: How are the appearances of Beijingers different from ours? Let's play a little game next. Student: Teacher: The fundamental difference between humans and animals is whether they can make tools. After understanding what Beijingers look like, let’s walk into their lives together. (Multimedia display) Teacher: From the above quote, what can we know about the living environment of Beijingers? Life: Bad (Multimedia plays a short video reflecting the living conditions of Beijingers) Life: Tools: Stones, sticks Living in: Cave, living in groups Food: Hunting, gathering (Multimedia shows) Use of fire: Natural fire (Multimedia plays Beijingers’ use of fire cartoon) Teacher asked:
24. How did Beijingers get fire? Production: Fire is caused by thunder and lightning in nature; fire is caused by spontaneous combustion of forest vegetation; fire is caused by spontaneous combustion of coal in the open air; fire is caused by accidental friction. Teacher: The students all used their brains and answered very well. Then let’s think about it, if you are from Beijing, how would you spend your day? Students work in groups of four to complete the following activities. (Multimedia display) Students: Group 1: Students display simple drawings Group 2: Sketch: Women are collecting fruits from trees, some men are fishing by the river, and others are chasing wild animals. After gathering, fishing and hunting, return to the cave to share the food equally. Group 3: Storyteller: The performances of the students were very exciting, and the teacher admires your rich imagination. In order to survive, Beijingers constantly fight against the difficult and dangerous natural environment and make simple and rough tools to obtain food. This process is labor. Labor promotes human development.If great apes could obtain food without labor
25., human beings would not appear, so labor created humans. With the passage of time, a group of ancient humans lived in the area where the Beijingers lived. They were the Shandingcave people (multimedia display). Teacher: Although the Shandingcave people lived in the same area as the Beijingers, after a long period of evolution, they were different from the Shandingcave people. What progress have Beijingers made? Life: Physical progress: The appearance is basically the same as that of modern people. Tool making technology: mastering grinding and drilling techniques, making fire artificially, knowing how to fish. Life progress: using bone needles to sew clothes, making decorations, and knowing how to love beauty. The collective clan of life (multimedia showing pictures of the life of the Shanding Cave people) Teacher: Whether they are Yuanmou people, Pekingese or Shanding cave people, their lives are inseparable from labor. As Engels said: "Labor creates man himself." Let's experience the joy of labor. Consolidation and sublimation: Student: Talk about feelings, a little.Teacher: Today we learned together about the borders of our country
26. The production and living conditions of three relatively representative ancient residents. Our ancestors used their hard work to overcome many difficulties and evolve slowly. In the future study and life, we will also encounter difficulties of this kind. I believe that the students will definitely overcome them with their own diligence and wisdom. I wish the students to move forward courageously and smoothly in the future life! Blackboard Design Part Three: Lesson Plan for Ancient Residents in the Motherland Lesson Plan for Ancient Residents in the Motherland [Teacher’s Message] Understand the past, grasp the present, and create the future. [Teaching Objectives] 1. Understand the basic knowledge related to the Yuanmou people, and master the basic historical knowledge about the Peking people and the Shandingdong people. 2. Observe and compare the differences between the heads of Australopithecus, Peking Man, and Shandingcave Man (or modern man). Think about how the life of the cave people has improved compared to that of the people in Beijing. 3. China is one of the origins of mankind, and the Zhoukoudian ancient human site is a world-famous
27. It is a world cultural heritage and should be cherished. [Teaching Focus] Peking Man and Shanshan Cave Man [Teaching Difficulty] The history is very long, and it requires scientific inference and reasonable imagination, these higher-level thinking activities. [Teaching Process] Course Introduction Have you ever heard of the legend that Nuwa created a human being from a piece of earth? After Pangu opened up the world, humans had not yet appeared. The goddess Nuwa used yellow mud to create humans. It was too laborious to create people one by one, so she adopted a simple method: use a rattan rope to pull out the muddy water, and many mud spots came out. Become a little person. So human beings came into being, and these first human beings lived with Nuwa, the mother of the earth. Of course, this is just a myth and legend, not real or reliable. So how were humans born? Who are the ancient humans in our country? Learn new lesson 1. The earliest humans in my country 1. The teacher introduces the discovery of Yuanmou Man and asks: Who is the earliest known human in my country?About how many years ago
28.? Where was it found? Students answer according to the textbook content. 2. Teacher: “Man and ape say goodbye, and only a few stones have rubbed against the ancient inhabitants of the motherland .” What is the fundamental difference between humans and animals? Student: Can you make tools? 2. Peking Man 1. The teacher tells the discovery process of Peking Man. 2. Guide students to read the textbook content and think and answer the questions: Where did Peking Man live about how many years ago? What are the physical characteristics, social organization, production and living conditions? Student: Pekingese lived in caves in Zhoukoudian, southwest of Beijing, about 70.2 million years ago. They used stone tools, used natural fire, and lived in groups. 3. Multimedia presents the courseware of Australopithecus heads, Peking Man head reconstructions, and modern human heads. Observe and compare the courseware of ancient inhabitants of the motherland in 2022.docx. What are the differences between the heads of Australopithecus, Peking Man, and modern humans? 4. Provide courseware on Beijingers’ use of fire for heating, lighting, and grilling food, and guide students in self-study textbooks on the use of natural fire.
29. Teacher’s question: Why is it said that Beijingers’ ability to use natural fire was a major step forward in human evolution? Student discussion answer: Beijingers use fire to grill food and for lighting, to keep out the cold and scare away wild beasts. Using fire to grill food and eat cooked food shortens the digestion process, reduces diseases, and promotes physical development. The use of fire enhances people's ability to adapt to nature. 3. The Shanding Cave Man Teacher: Hundreds of thousands of years have passed, and a group of ancient people, the Shanding Cave Man, live in the area where the Peking Man once again lived. 1. Multimedia shows the discovery process of the cave people. 2. Shows the courseware of the head reconstruction of the cave people, and guides students to read the text and think about the following questions: How many thousands of years ago did the cave people live? What are their physical characteristics, social organization, production and living conditions?After reading the third chapter, students answered: The cave people lived about 30,000 years ago; their appearance is basically the same as that of modern people; they
30. The collective life is a clan united by blood relations. 3. Show the courseware The Life of the Top Cave People and the Bone Needles and Ornaments of the Top Cave People. Combined with the text, think about this question: In what ways is the life of the Top Cave People better than that of the people in Beijing? (Guide students to answer questions from aspects such as grinding stone tools, making artificial fire, using bone needles, sewing simple clothes, mastering drilling techniques, wearing necklaces, understanding beauty, expanding the scope of activities, etc.) 4. The clan teacher guides students to read textbooks, Question: How was the collective life of the cave people formed? Student: The collective life of the top cave people is a clan united by blood relations. Teacher: The characteristics of a clan can be summarized as follows: blood relationship (a group formed by blood relationship); shared property (no private property); and equal status (working together and consuming food together). [Classroom Exercise] Recall the knowledge learned and complete the following form [Blackboard Design] Yuanmou, Yunnan Province
31. County Yuanmou Man is about 1.7 million years old. The earliest known human beings in my country are the Pekingese who live in groups about 70.2 million years ago. Ancient humans used natural fire and lived collectively about 30,000 years ago. Clans united by blood relationship make artificial fire [Assignment] 1. (2022 Zhuzhou) China is one of the birthplaces of mankind and the country with the most early human fossils and relics found in the world. The earliest known human in China is () A Peking Man B Yuanmou Man C Banpo Man D Hemudu Man Answer B 2. (2022 Heze) Which of the following statements about "Peking Man" (picture on the right) is correct is () A started using natural fire B started using ground stone tools C started firing pottery D started cultivating crops Answer A 3. (2022 Nanjing) Beijingers are typical representatives of ancient humans and play an important role in the history of human development. The age when they lived is () A about three to four million years B about 101.7 million years C about 700,000 to 200,000 years D about 7,000 years Answer C The ancient residents of the motherland The courseware is from : Baiwei Bookstore link address: Please keep it for reprinting, thank you! Source of this article: Internet collection and arrangement. If there is any infringement, please contact the author to delete it, thank you!Page 25 of 25 Page 25 of 25 Page 25 of 25 Page 25 of 25 Page 25 of 25 Page 25 of 25 Page 25 of 25 Page 25 of 25 Page 25 Page 25 of 25 Page 25 of 25 Page 25 of 25